NGINX and Apache are the most popular and common open source web servers in the world. Many people are comparing them to see which one is better, so for you who are still confused about which to choose, please read our article below.
In this article we are going to give you information about:
– What is NGINX and Apache
– What NGINX and Apache capable of
– NGINX vs Apache
NGINX is an open source HTTP server and reverse proxy, as well as IMAP/POP3 proxy server, which is not only high in performance but also free. NGINX is well known among people because its reliability, stability, rich feature set, simple configuration and low consume on resource. NGINX was created by Igor Sysoev and released to public in 2004. A few years later in 2011, NGINX Company was founded to provide support to the web server. The creation of NGINX was initially wrote to solve the C10K problem, which a popular term in 1999 to describe the difficulty of web servers when handling large numbers of simultaneous connections.
NGINX basic HTTP features:
– Serving index and static files and auto indexing; open file descriptor cache
– Able to accelerate reverse proxying with caching
– Able to accelerate support with caching of SCGI, FastCGI, wsgi, and memcached servers
– Filters available includes gzipping, chunk responses, XSLT, byte range, and image transformation filter.
– Support SSL and TLS SNI
– Provide support for HTTP/2 with weighted and dependency based prioritization.
NGINX was already tested in various OS and Platforms including
– FreeBSD 3-11/i386; FreeBSD 5-11/amd64
– Linux 2.2-4/i386; Linux 2.6-4/amd64, Linux 3-4/armv6I, armv7i, aarch64, ppc64le
– AIX 7.1/powerpc
– HP-UX 11.31/ ia64
– Solaris 9/i386, sun4u; Solaris 10/i386, amd64, sun4v
– macOS/ppc, i386
– Windows XP, Windows Server 2003
Apache an open source web server that is developed and maintained by Apache Software Foundation. Apache is available for all people and is free to use. Apache becomes a cross platform in 1 June 2017 when the server copies run on Linux distributions. The new version 2.0 was improved to support for non-Unix operating systems like OS/2 and Windows, while the old version now run on OpenVMS and NetWare.
The development of Apache began early in 1995 after the work of NCSA code stalled. Apache has the key role in the initial growth of the World Wide Web and quickly replacing NCSA HTTPd to become the dominant server. In 2009 Apache became the first web server software to serve more than one million websites, while in 2016 it was estimated to serve 46% of all active website and 43% of the top million websites.
Apache offer their user a wide variety of features and many of them implemented as compiled modules that extend the core functionality. These features may range from the server-side programming language support to authentication schemes. Some common language interfaces support Perl, Python, Tcl and PHP. Some of the popular modules are mod_access, mod_auth, mod_digest, and mod_auth_digest. With virtual hosting Apache installation can be used to serve many different websites. An example is one Apache installation can simultaneously serve more than one sites, such as www.example.com, www.example.org, test47.test-server.example.edu and many other.
Based on the result of a benchmark test running up to 1.000 concurrent connections NGINX is shown to be 2.5 time faster than Apache. And in another benchmark running with 512 concurrent connections also shown NGINX is two times faster and consumes less memory about 4%. In the operating system Apache and NGINX can run on all kind of Unix-like systems, but NGINX performance in Windows is not as good as other platforms.
In the flexibility Apache customization can be done through web server and writing modules. Apache has had dynamic loading since long ago, so all Apache modules support this. At the other hand NGINX most modules do not yet support dynamic loading, but over time they probably will.
NGINX vs Apache
|- NGINX can run about two times faster than Apache||- Run not as fast as NGINX|
|- NGINX many modules still not yet support dynamic loading||- All Apache modules support dynamic loading|
|- NGINX support available through mailing list, IRC, Stack Overflow, and forum||- Apache support available through mailing lists, stack overflow, and IRC|
Based on that in our opinion, High-Traffic website owners that need to serve a lot of static content and media streams might want to opt for NGINX or use the combination of NGINX and Apache.